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The Battle of Wakefield (1460) was a calculated attempt by the Lancastrians to eliminate Richard, Duke of York. Little is known about the action but the Duke was successfully enticed out from the safety of Sandal Castle and ambushed. In the subsequent skirmish his forces were massacred and both the Duke and his second eldest son were killed.
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Following the catastrophic Royalist defeat at Marston Moor, Parliamentary forces in the Welsh Marches went on the offensive and in September 1644 they captured the strategically important Montgomery Castle. A large Royalist army was deployed to dislodge them but, at the Battle of Montgomery (1644), they were defeated and Parliament secured control of central Wales.
In July 1403 the powerful Percy family rebelled against Henry IV and allied themselves with the Welsh freedom fighter Owain Glyndŵr. As the two rebel forces attempted to rendezvous with each other, the King cornered Sir Henry 'Hotspur' Percy and, at the Battle of Shrewsbury (1403), crushed the English element of the rebellion.