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An enclosure castle built as a result of Scottish attacks on the Furness peninsula.
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After a year of campaigning James Graham, Marquis of Montrose achieved his final and greatest victory when he defeated the last Covenanter army in Scotland at the Battle of Kilsyth (1645). With the country back under Royalist control, it briefly offered Charles I a glimmer of hope that the civil war may yet be won.
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At the Battle of Preston (1715), an Anglo-Scottish Jacobite army was engaged by Government forces. Fought within the confines of the town itself, the Jacobites mounted a spirited defence successfully repelling the first assaults on their lines. However, as more Government troops arrived they had little choice but to surrender.
After suffering a defeat at Grosmont, the army of Owain Glyndŵr attempted to restore their reputation with an assault on the English forces at Usk Castle. They were repulsed and, as they retreated, the garrison sallied out where they routed the Welsh at the Battle of Pwll Melyn (1405).